Library and Archives Canada
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32 cm of textual records. 13 photographs b&w.;
Samuel Baylin, inventor and manufacturer, was born August 15 in Jlobin, Gomel, Russia, the son of Jacob and Jennie Baylin. He came to Canada with his family in 1924. During the voyage to Canada, Baylin developed the idea of a rotary engine with very few moving parts. He continued to develop his Wankel-type engine and built a "stimulator" of it in 1946. He obtained patents for "Improvements in Rotary Power Units" in Canada, the U.S. and Britain. Unfortunately his patents expired before interest in Wankel-type engines developed in the late 1960s. Baylin also designed and built a single-seat airplane and engine, racing cars and cycle vans. Baylin worked for Canadian Vickers, Canadian Car and Foundry and Dominion Engineering as a machine and tool designer. In 1943 he and his two brothers started Aviation Products Co. The company first produced knitting needles, but later the company developed the "Bayline" series of laundry hampers, step stools and electric can openers. In spite of problems between the brothers, the company prospered because the Baylins designed and built their own equipment. Baylin retired from the company in 1978. The company itself closed in 1983 and its assests were bought by the Newell Group. Fonds consists of sketches, drawings, agreements and correspondence for Baylin's internal combustion rotary engine, 1923-1979. There are also correspondence, agreements and drawings relating to Aviation Products Co., manufacturers of knitting needles, laundry hampers and electric can openers, 1942-1983. In addition, the fonds includes Baylin's memoirs of Russia 1911-1924, his mechanical drawings and miscellaneous ideas.The fonds also contains photographic material depicting a motor designed by Samuel Baylin of Aviation Products Ltd., Montréal, Québec, ca. 1951-1954; photographs of Charles E. Kaempen, 1951-1954; photos depicting production of knitting needles by Aviation Production Co.